Swamimalai is the fourth of the Arupadai veedu or blessed sanctuaries committed to God Muruga. Here, God Muruga clarified the significance of the Pranava mantra OM to his Father God Siva. Swamimalai is situated around five kilometers west of Kumbakonam on the banks of a tributary of stream Cauvery. Thiruverakam, pervasively known as ‘Swamimalai’ is arranged at a division eight kilometers from Kumbakonam in Thanjavur district on the northern banks of the conduit Cauvery. It is one of the six eminent abodes committed to God Muruga.
OVERVIEW OF THE TEMPLE:
The temple is found on a slope of around sixty feet in tallness. It has sixty stone advances. In the ground floor there are sanctuaries(temples) given to God Sundareswarer and Goddess Meenakshi. Commendations for the god and the temple were sung by Nakkeerar in Tirumurukatrupadai and by Saint Arunagirnathar in Tiruppukazh. The temple has a splendid chariot made of seven kilos of gold, 85 kilos of silver and distinctive metals like copper, superbly illuminated with electric handles. Among the sub-sanctuaries under the Swamimalai temple, the Sveta Vinayagar temple at Tiruvalanchuli is imperative. Gestures of recognition of Sadaimudinathar and Goddess Perianayaki have been sung by Tirugnanasambandar and Tirunavukkarasar in Tevaram.
The heavenly Cauvery River is found in a half hover around this sanctum and along these lines the name Valanchuli or right breezes. The temple has three ‘Gopurams’ with three ‘Praharams’. The ‘Gopuram’ on the south side of the temple is animated with statues and contains five stories while the other two sections have no towers above them. The Praharam (moreover spelt as Prahar) is difficult to miss in this temple. The essential Praharam is at the base, the second almost the whole way up the slant and the third at the best, incorporating the sanctum. On passing the ‘Raja Gopuram’ and the ‘KalyanaMandapam’ one sees the heavenly place committed to Goddess Sakti at the base. Steps lead from here upwards towards the most elevated purpose of the slant.
AVATAR OF LORD MURUGAN IN SWAMIMALAI TEMPLE
The Tamil word Murugu infers all vitality and attractiveness. Obviously that God Muruga is attractiveness spoken to. He is a pioneer in the Vibuti abishek. God Muruga appears as the Bana of a Shivalinga and the peeta as the Avudayar. This is to push reality that God Muruga and God Shiva are not exceptional in connection to each other, but rather will be fairly one. The God here presents Himself as Gurunatha who educated the substance of Pranava to His Father, Shiva (‘Swami’) and thusly got the chance to be Swaminatha.
HISTORY OF SWAMIMALAI MURUGAN TEMPLE:
The Swaminatha temple is exceptionally antiquated one and it is known to have existed even in the 2 nd century BC. It is said that Parantaka Chola I assembled the temple. The temple was harmed, as it were, and the Gopurams were decimated and destroyed to ground in the year 1740 when the Anglo-French War was pursued later when war broke out between Hyder Ali and the British.Swamimalai is fourth among the six padai veedu or consecrated places of worship committed to Lord Muruga. The managing god here explained the importance of the Pranava mantra OM to his own particular Father Lord Siva Himself.
Folklore says that holy person Bhrugu before beginning a burdensome tavam or retribution, got the help that anyone irritating his intercession will overlook all his insight. Such was the energy of the compensation that the sacrosanct fire exuding from the leader of the holy person came to up to the sky, and the scared devas surrendered to Lord Siva petitioning God for his elegance. The Lord doused the consecrated fire by covering the holy person’s head by hand. With the holy person’s atonement in this manner exasperates the Lord ended up noticeably neglectful of all his insight and is said to have recovered them by taking in the Pranava mantra from Lord Muruga at this place of worship.
Once when Brahma, the master of all manifestations was continuing to Kailasa, the ever-fun loving youngster Lord Muruga approached him for the significance of the Pranava OM. At the point when Brahma conceded his numbness, the Lord detained him. With Brahma detained, all manifestations halted and the devas implored Lord Siva to get Brahma discharged. At the point when Muruga demanded that the detainment was an only discipline for the obliviousness of Brahma, Lord Siva asked him whether he himself knew the importance of the primordial Pranava OM. Ruler Muruga said that he knew the importance of OM and can explain it to the last just in the event that he can acknowledge him as master and tune in to the work as adedicated follower. As Lord Siva consented to the demand of Lord Muruga and heard the article of OM as a pupil, the place came to be known as Swamimalai and the directing divinity as Swaminathan.
The Temple is based on a simulated hillock of around sixty feet tallness with sixty wonderfully laid stone advances speaking to the Hindu cycle of sixty years – prompting the Lord . In the ground floor there are sanctuaries committed to Lord Sundareswarer and Goddesss Meenakshi. Psalms in acclaim of the directing divinity have been sung by holy person Nakkeerar in Tirumurukatrupadai and by Saint Arunagirnathar in Tiruppukazh.
MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SWAMIMALAI TEMPLE
The Lord here presents Himself as Gurunatha Who instructed the substance of Pranava to His Father, Shiva (‘Swami’) and therefore moved toward becoming Swaminatha. It is said that once, because of the revile laid on him by Bhrigumuni, Lord Shiva overlooked the “Pranava Mantra”. He promptly sent for his child Subrahmanya and inquired as to whether he knew the Mantra. The youthful Subrahmanya smilingly answered that he does and he inquired as to whether just the Lord is set up to take in the Mantra in an appropriate way, at that point he would show Him. Immediately. With collapsed hands and bowed head, Lord Shiva remained before his young Gure (Subrahmanya) with awesome reverence and learnt the Mantra. As this occurrence occurred in this hallowed place it came to be known as “Swamimalai” and the god as Swaminatha, demonstrating that the child was better than his Father. It is with regards to this legend that the place of worship of Subrahmanaya is based on the hillock and that of Lord Shiva underneath the hill.
WORSHIP & POOJA TIMING OF THE TEMPLE
Day by day pujas to the gods are performed six times each day (six kalams). Usha Kalam, Kalasandhi and Uchikala poojas are performed in the forenoon and the evening poojas initiating from Sayaratchai and Rendam kalam are finished up with Arthajama pooja in the night.
WORSHIP TIMINGS :
|Morning Open||05:00 A.M|
|Morning Close||12:00 Noon|
|Evening Open||04:00 P.M|
|Evening Close||10:00 P.M|
|Usha Kalam||6 A.M|
|Uchikala pooja||12 P.M|
|Rendam Kalam||8 P.M|
|Arthajama pooja||10 P.M|
FESTIVALS OF SWAMIMALAI MURUGAN TEMPLE:
The temple has gold, jewels, diamonds, and rubies, silver vessel and other costly articles worth many lakhs of rupees. Every Thursday, Lord Swaminathan is decorated with Diamond Vel. The day of Krittika is very important and thousands of people worship the Lord every month on this day. The main festivals are the Brahma Utsavam, Skanda Shashti and the festival of Subrahmanya’s marriage with Valli. A popular event performed a few years ago is the Sri Subrahmanya Sahasranama (1008 names of Subrahmanya) Archana. A Sahasra namamala, a garland of gold coins on each of which one of the 1,008 names of the Lord was inscribed, was made and offered to the deity. Devotees from far and near in large numbers participated in this holy and pious act. Here also pilgrims carry Kavadis to the shrine and abhishekams are performed to the idol on behalf of the devotees. Bathing of the deity in holy ashes, known as “Vibhuti Abhishekam” is a feature here as in palani temple, and in that Abhishekam the idol has a very captivating and awe-inspiring aspect.
Monthly Kirutikai Festival:
Krithigai is an important festival celebrated in the Tamil month of Adi or Aadi. The festival is dedicated to Lord Muruga or Subrahamaniya. Incidentally, the festival is also referred as Aadi Krittika, Kirthigai, Kritika and Krithika. The festival is celebrated with fervour in the Murugan Temples in Tamil Nadu. Krithigai in some regions is celebrated to symbolise the victory of good over evil, when Murugan slew the demon Surapadma. After the annihilation of the demon, Muruga blessed devotees with boons.
Vaikasi Visagam (May – June):
Many devotees participate in the festival. A procession of Sri Jayanthinathar with Valli and Deivanai is conducted in the night.
Avani Festival (August – September):
Devotees numbering about two lakh participate in this festival. On this Avani festival 7th, 8th and 10th day functions are more important. On the 7th, the Sikappu sathi Festival takes place. On 8th, it is the Pachai Sathi Festival and on 10th, there is a Car Festival.
Skanda Shashti Festival – 7 days (October – November):
Devotees numbering about five lakhs will participate in the above festival. On this festival occasion, devotees fast for all six days. On the 6th day Surasamharam is demonstrated. On the 7th day Thirukkalyanam to Deivanai is celebrated in a grand manner.
Masi Festival – 12 days (February – March):
More than three lakh people participate in this festival. On the 7th, the Sikappu sathi Festival takes place. On 8th, it is the Pachai Sathi Festival and on 10th, there is a Car Festival. On the 11th day, a floating festival takes place.